India is a vast country with a diverse topography. This topography can be divided into several major physiographic divisions. The Himalayan region is one of the most distinct and prominent divisions, due to its unique relief features. This article will explore the major physiographic divisions of India and contrast the relief of the Himalayan region.
Major Physiographic Divisions of India
India’s physiographic divisions are divided into the Great Mountain Region, the Northern Plains, the Peninsular Plateau, and the Coastal Plains. The Great Mountain Region is composed of the Himalayas, the Karakoram, the Hindu Kush, and the Patkai Bum. The Northern Plains are formed by the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Brahmaputra Plain. The Peninsular Plateau consists of the Deccan Plateau, the Konkan Coast, the Malwa Plateau, and the Chota Nagpur Plateau. Finally, the Coastal Plains are made up of the Eastern Coastal Plain and the Western Coastal Plain.
Contrasting Relief of the Himalayan Region
The Himalayan region is the most prominent of India’s physiographic divisions. It is the highest mountain range in the world and is home to numerous glaciers and snow-capped peaks. The Himalayas are divided into three distinct regions: the Inner Himalayas, the Middle Himalayas, and the Outer Himalayas. The Inner Himalayas are the most rugged and consist of high mountains and deep valleys. The Middle Himalayas are less rugged and are composed of hills and valleys. The Outer Himalayas are the least rugged and contain foothills and rolling plains.
India’s physiographic divisions are incredibly diverse and offer a variety of topographical features. The Himalayan region is one of the most prominent divisions and is home to the world’s highest mountain range. It is composed of three distinct regions, each with its own unique relief features. Understanding the major physiographic divisions of India and the contrasting relief of the Himalayan region is essential for appreciating the country’s topography.