India is a vast and diverse country with a range of climates and weather patterns. While some parts of the country experience mild temperatures throughout the year, others experience extreme temperatures. One of the most notable weather patterns in India is the high diurnal range of temperature. This article looks at which part of India experiences the highest diurnal range of temperature and why.
Highest Diurnal Range of Temperature in India
The highest diurnal range of temperature in India is experienced in the western part of the country, particularly in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh. This region is subject to extreme temperatures, with temperatures soaring to over 50°C during the day and dropping to below 5°C during the night. This creates a diurnal range of temperature that can reach up to 45°C in some areas.
Reasons Behind India’s High Diurnal Range
The high diurnal range of temperature in India is caused by a combination of factors. First, the country’s geography plays a role, as the western part of India is largely desert and semi-arid, meaning that there is little cloud cover to block out the sun’s rays. This leads to higher temperatures during the day, and cooler temperatures at night.
Second, India is located close to the equator, which means that it experiences long days and short nights. This also contributes to the high diurnal range of temperature, as the sun’s rays are more intense and the nights are cooler.
Finally, India experiences seasonal winds which can cause temperatures to fluctuate drastically. These winds can bring cooler air from the north, or warm air from the south, resulting in wide variations in temperature from one day to the next.
In conclusion, the highest diurnal range of temperature in India is experienced in the western part of the country. This is due to a combination of geographical factors, the country’s proximity to the equator, and seasonal winds. As a result, temperatures can fluctuate drastically from one day to the next, with temperatures soaring to over 50°C during the day and dropping to below 5°C during the night.